India’s Naval Tactics: Resisting China’s Dominance in the Indian Sea

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India’s Maritime Manoeuvres Amid Rising Chinese Presence in Indian Ocean

In the Indian Ocean region, a recent series of events signifying an increase in geopolitical tensions and regional security concerns have taken place. Our sources report the controversial presence of a Chinese vessel and the strategic deployment of India’s INS ‘Karanj’ submarine. This demonstrates India’s commitment to preserving its interests in the face of China’s ever-expanding influence in the Indian Ocean.

Chinese Maritime Activity Fueling Tension

At the center of these events is the contentious Chinese vessel Xiang Yang Hong 3, presumed to be a spy ship. Beijing however, claims it is a research vessel. The ship’s course, set towards Male, the Maldivian capital, has raised concerns within the Indian Navy. As the vessel continues its journey, existing diplomatic strains between India and the Maldives has heightened. The Maldivian authorities’ decision to allow this particular vessel to dock has ignited considerable controversy due to India’s security concerns.

A Strategically Timed Response

In response to the Chinese activity, the Indian Navy has strategically deployed its INS ‘Karanj’ submarine to Sri Lanka. Aligning with Sri Lanka’s Independence Day, this strategic move signifies India’s role as a primary defender in the region. It reiterates India’s resolution to maintain strong naval surveillance capabilities against any potential threats, especially considering the strategic maritime routes near the Maldives.

Countering Chinese Maritime Expansion

India’s measures form part of its extensive strategy to limit China’s growing maritime activities. The use of ‘research vessels’ by the Chinese PLA Navy for strategic operations raises serious concerns particularly for India. The launch of INS ‘Karanj’ is a clear demonstration of India’s commitment to uphold its strategic interests and retain a strong naval presence, particularly in response to China’s escalating naval activities.

The geopolitical climate within the Indian Ocean region is shifting. The Maldivian’s reversal of its “India First” policy under President Mohamed Muizzu and the decision to allow Chinese vessels to dock have led to strained relations with India, further complicating the region’s geopolitical landscape.


Moreover, the visit of INS ‘Karanj’ to Sri Lanka – its first port call since commissioning – underlines the importance of maritime diplomacy and strategic engagement. The proactive stance by the Indian Navy against threats such as piracy and smuggling also reemphasises its role as a main security provider.

Considering the broader perspective, these recent occurrences involving the Chinese vessel and the deployment of INS ‘Karanj’ highlight the complex relationships between geopolitical interests, maritime surveillance, and strategic behaviour in the Indian Ocean region. In the face of changing regional power dynamics and diplomatic stress, India continues to assert its influence actively, safeguard its maritime interests, and neutralise China’s growing presence.


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